Gum recession – surgical coverage of recession
Lowered gums are a common aesthetic and functional problem, most often occurring in people with a thin gum biotype. It usually appears with teeth set dowargowo. Gum recession can occur with a single tooth, but also with several teeth next to each other. Lowering the gum at the tooth exposes its root, which, in addition to the deteriorated aesthetics of the smile, can cause tooth sensitivity. In addition to individual predispositions, at least one additional irritant is necessary for gingival recession to occur, such as:
- improper, too forceful method of tooth brushing
- condition after extensive orthodontic treatment
- improperly made tooth or prosthetic fillings
- malocclusion, bruxism, teeth grinding
- chronic inflammation of the gums caused by poor oral hygiene
- too high attachments of frenulums, lips and cheeks
Treatment of gingival recession consists in eliminating the probable cause of lowering the gum and performing a procedure in the field of dental microsurgery. What is the course of treatment? Here is a simplified scheme:
- First visit: the dentist examines the patient, determines the possible causes of gum recession and plans to remove them and describes in detail the course of the procedure.
- Second visit: At this visit, the doctor takes a piece of gum from the patient's palate and transplants it to cover the exposed dental necks at the site of the recession. Despite the creation of various synthetic materials to cover the recession, research shows that the most beneficial effects are obtained using autologous material – gum transplantation from the palate. After the procedure, the doctor carefully instructs the patient on how to hygiene the teeth affected by the recession.
- Can tooth recession be removed by non-surgical methods? – Unfortunately, non-surgical methods, such as various types of gum massages, biostimulation laser irradiation or others, are not able to restore the state of the gum from before the recession. They may stop its progress, but a similar effect will be achieved after eliminating the cause of the recession.
- Is the procedure painful? – the procedure of covering gingival recession is performed under full local anesthesia, it is completely painless. However, it should be remembered that after the procedure we have 2 small wounds in the mouth – at the site of the treated recession and on the palate at the place of taking a fragment of gum for transplantation.
- How to take care of hygiene after the recession coverage? – during the first healing period, teeth should be brushed very gently in the vicinity of the operated area, and rinsed with dental rinses with chlorhexidine content.